Bulimia e Anorexia

bulimia- anorexiaAnorexia nervosa é o transtorno alimentar que se caracteriza pelo medo de ganhar peso, mesmo que o paciente esteja com o peso abaixo do normal. Ele se submete a uma dura dieta de restrição alimentar.

Bulimia nervosa é um transtorno alimentar que se identifica por duas etapas: uma de ingerir alimentos e outra de descompensar, forçando o vômito ou tomando laxantes e/ou diuréticos para eliminar o alimento. Há também o bulímico que faz exercícios físicos demasiadamente, passando por jejum. Em ambas as circunstâncias, há o medo de ganhar peso.

CAUSAS:

Predisposição genética em 70% dos casos. Em outros casos, a vontade de ter um corpo bonito e magro, levam a essas atitudes.

SINTOMAS DA ANOREXIA:

Queda capilar, queda da temperatura do corpo, unhas ressecadas, perda da estrutura óssea, anomalias cardíacas. No sexo feminino, interrupção da menstruação e infertilidade.

SINTOMAS DA BULIMIA:

Osteoporose, anomalias cardíacas, queda capilar, queda da temperatura do corpo, unhas ressecadas, dores abdominais, descontrole intestinal e inflamação no anus.

PERDA DE PESO NA ANOREXIA: O paciente emagrece sempre.

PERDA DE PESO NA BULIMIA: Às vezes o paciente não emagrece, mesmo provocando o vômito, usando laxantes e/ou diuréticos, 30 a 50% da comida é absorvida pelo corpo.

CONSEQUÊNCIAS DA ANOREXIA:

O paciente poderá morrer desnutrido. Em estado de desidratação, ele poderá perder eletrólitos, em especial o potássio, responsável pelo funcionamento dos músculos e coração.

CONSEQUÊNCIAS DA BULIMIA:

O paciente poderá morrer em consequência das atividades purgativas. Existem bulímicos que vomitam 15 a 20 vezes por dia, ocasionando desidratação e perda de eletrólitos.

SINAIS COMUNS EM PESSOAS COM BULIMIA OU ANOREXIA NERVOSAS: bulimia e anorexia

*Não come na frente de outras pessoas: alega que já comeu ou ainda vai comer.

* Mesmo estando muito magra a pessoa controla as calorias como se estivesse de dieta, demonstrando medo de engordar.

* Faz exercícios excessivamente e demonstra sentimento de culpa quando não os realiza.

* Esconde a magreza usando roupas folgadas e penteados que encobrem o rosto.

* Isola-se das pessoas e apresenta comportamento desconfiado e agressivo

* Aparecem os sinais de desnutrição: tontura, desmaio, cansaço, sono ou insônia, edema no corpo, principalmente nos membros inferiores.

* Emagrecimento rápido, sem nenhum motivo.

* Nos vômitos após as refeições: idas frequentes e demoradas ao banheiro.

* No uso de laxantes e diuréticos: cólicas abdominais, anus inflamado e descontrole intestinal.

TRATAMENTO DA BULIMIA E ANOREXIA NERVOSAS: O tratamento poderá durar anos.

TRATAMENTO DA ANOREXIA:

O paciente deverá voltar a comer com a ajuda de psicólogo e psiquiatra, submetendo-se a sessões de terapia e uso de antidepressivos para diminuir a instabilidade emocional e combater tendências suicidas.

TRATAMENTO DA BULIMIA:

Sessões de terapia e uso de antidepressivos para combater os excessos alimentares com ações purgativas.

A participação da família é fundamental na recuperação do anoréxico e do bulímico.

Imagem de Amostra do You Tube

Fonte: Veja.com

Imagens: Bing

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